I. Market evaluation (Fundamental Analysis)
- The very first rule of gold is that the price has always increased whenever a crisis occurred so far. There are many reasons for the price to go up, such as trade struggles, inflation, climate change, etc. and whether these impacts are more or less, they are all the premises to leverage gold prices.To get more news about WikiFX, you can visit wikifx news official website.
- In the last half of century, gold price has experienced 2 very strong increases. The first round was when governments gave up the policy of controlling gold price and eased the ban on private ownership of gold, happening around 1970. The price of gold then seemed like a long-term repression that had the opportunity to launch, in the exactly same time when economic and political points are more volatile, creating a “gold rush” speculation, price soared from 35 USD/ounce to 800 USD/ounce in 1980.
- It was a time when gold prices were at their peak, and from there began to go down after central banks sold out tons of gold. By 1999, each ounce of gold cost only 250 USD. - The downtrend then ended when European central banks agreed to coordinate in selling gold to stabilize this precious metal price. China also expanded the object of people allowed to own gold, the amount of buying back increased. Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) - which represent gold-holding investors - also create favorable conditions for people to hold the bullion.
Also from 2003 to 2011, the annual demand for gold has increased from about 2,600 tons to more than 4,700 tons, pushing prices up to a peak of 1,900 USD/ounce in 2011, then hindered market demand. As a result, the price has dropped to only 1040 USD/ounce by the end of 2015 and early 2016, from then until 2019, when central banks started lowering interest rates, dragging government bond yields down, gold become more attractive to investors.
So the question now is whether gold (XAU/USD) will continue to increase in 2020-2021 or not？ And what factors will play the main role？
1. Economic Instability
Thanks to special physical properties, gold is both a special commodity and a currency to store and trade. Since ancient times, gold has always played an important role in the economy, with the role of real assets used to reserve, whenever the world economy is unstable, people will rush to buy gold. The reason is that when the economy is difficult and unpredictable, doing businesses will become more struggling, other high-risk investment channels, declined securities, devalued currencies, etc. gold is considered as the most convenient safe haven asset. Great buying demand will push gold price up.
2. US – Index
Because the currency US dollar acts as an international payment currency, and the world price of gold is also traded in US dollar, so the relative value of gold is expressed in US dollars. Therefore, when the USD depreciates, it means that gold price increases and vice versa.
3. Gold Supply
Because gold is also a commodity, its price also changes according to the law of supply and demand. There are three factors that change the world's gold supply.
· First, the nation's gold reserves policyIf one or several countries decide to buy gold to store in large quantities, the world gold price will increase and vice versa. Therefore, monitoring the world's news regarding gold trading policies of major central banks will be good for predicting gold prices.· Second, the influence from the gold trading of large fundsCurrently there are a number of large funds holding huge amounts of gold. Every movement of these big players will has a strong influence on world gold prices. In particular, these funds have launched fund certificates to attract many speculative investors into this market.These funds include:- IMF: holds about 3,100 tons of gold- SPDR Gold Trust: This is considered the largest gold investment fund in the world. This fund currently holds about 768 tons (2019).
· Third, the world gold production/mining
The countries known for having the largest gold mining output in the world are China, Australia, Russia, USA, South Africa and Canada. Every time the mining output in these countries declines, it will cause world gold prices to rise and vice versa.
Since the Covid-19 pandemic began to spread from the beginning of 2020, putting the world into a deep crisis, companies filed for bankruptcy are increasing, unemployment rate goes up day by day. In addition, those lockout policies to limit the widespread of Covid-19 epidemic have caused a decline in exports, forcing the world's central banks to launch bailouts for their economy. In the US, for example, the US Federal Reserve has launched a $ 2,000 billion bailout package, leading to a decline in bond yields and an increase in the risk of inflation, which has slipped prices for other assets and currencies.
- However, the pandemic situation is still quite complicated in the present context, the second wave has come back in quite a lot countries and territories, plus the widespread situation is quite unpredictable, for example, Australia and several US states have reported a spike in new cases of virus infection as well as Latin America or India, the second largest consumer of gold bullion in the world.